Organizational behavior, also known as organizational studies encompasses the study of individuals and groups in an organization interacting with one another. This is done through a systematic approach wherein the entire gamut of human relations is analyzed. This includes individual interaction with one another, group interactions and interaction between social systems prevalent in the entire organization. The purpose behind understanding organizational behavior is to build better relationship between different communities of people and to achieve organizational and social objectives.
Different methods can be used in the process of understanding organization behavior and these include multiple regression, meta-analysis, non-parametric statistics, and ANOVA. It has become all the more important today because people with different cultural backgrounds have to work together in an efficient manner. It plays an important role on enhancing the performance of an organization and also individual commitment.
Various models of organization behavior include autocratic, custodial, supportive and collegial. The autocratic model the organizational behavior is based in authoritarian support, wherein employees have to obey the boss at every step of their work activities. In the custodial model, employees work performance is largely based on the kind of benefits that they get as a result of showing optimal work performance. The supportive model, employees are expected to show optimal job performance, for which they are given the kind of recognition they expect. In the collegial model, employees are tuned towards responsible behavior and they work more in partnership with managerial staff.
Every organization has to look into the factors that are critical for organization growth and achievement of goals and objectives. Optimizing organizational behavior is important because it plays an important role in organizational development and is a key to enhancing individual and group performance within an organization. It is only when organizational goals are optimized that the right level of performance is achieved and business objective realized.